Art Therapy: two main types include the simple "art as therapy" with relaxation benefits for the individual who is creating on their own; and "art psychotherapy" in which a therapist and patient are seeking deeper understanding of the patient’s nonverbal issues. Emotional problems and memories from early childhood are formed without words. Art therapy can help a patient or individual reach those non-verbal thoughts or feelings with the aid of drawing or sculpture, song lyric and music or a poem and illustration. Free-form movement and dance or theater can also help channel non-verbal ideas into visual form. (Edwards, David, 2004, 2) (6.Chennai_Symposium) Section G. Art & Relaxation has more information and art examples.
Attachment Styles: Early childhood experiences with caregivers and other adults can leave a child with a more secure trust that adults help consistently when asked versus a less secure belief that asking for help won't be punished or ridiculed or in some other way wouldn't be helped so why ask? See chapter 8: Trust is learned early, and G7. Fear & our Inner Child for more information.
Autism Spectrum Disorder: a neurological condition affecting behavior and social and verbal skills. The condition may also have physical symptoms and other comorbid conditions. Overstimulation and stress may lead to the child or adult with autism “freezing” from the stress response and having trouble speaking or responding at all, or they might act out in an uncontrolled manner or with repetitive speech and motions. The symptoms vary between individuals so much that that is considered the norm among specialists - treat each individual patient with autism spectrum disorder as an individual with their own set of symptoms. A mother of a child on the spectrum provided a few tips in advance for the holiday season about coping with the special needs of children on the autism spectrum and how to handle possible behavior outbursts or meltdowns, for your own comfort and for the child and their parent: What to Know About Halloween from an Autism Mom, (G.popsugar)
Best Practices: a term from the business world to refer to methods that have been found to consistently provide good results and which new methods might be compared to in order to rate their value next to the Gold Standard of the Best Practice."A method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark." (1.businessdictionary)
Quotes, proverbs, pithy sayings, and wisdom from world religion:
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:
Dialectical Behavior Therapy. a type of cognitive therapy developed to work with patients with Borderline Personality Disorder which has physiological - chemical causes, and emotional, early childhood related causes. See 8.2 for more information.
Dopamine: a brain neurotransmitter involved in the control of movement and behavior, it may also help with creativity and confidence.
Effective Care: a term used in the healthcare industry to describe healthcare strategies that have proven to be helpful for most patients with a certain condition most of the time.
Endogenous Cannabinoid System: See the I. Addiction or Starvation?, for more information about the Endogenous Cannabinoid System. Endogenous refers to something that can be made internally by our body rather than a chemical that is needed to be obtained from an external source on a daily or semi-regular basis such as oxygen from the air we breathe which we need within every few minutes or cellular damage can start to occur; or trace nutrients such as essential fats which can be stored and may only need to be consumed in the diet every few days or weeks without resulting in negative health effects.
A person with a metabolic difference due to genetics, chronic illness, or the standard changes associated with aging may need an external source of nutrients that other people of average health would be able to make internally - “endogenously.”
Cannabinoids are a type of chemical called phospholipids which are formed from a lipid, a type of fat, and the mineral phosphorus. I have a genetic difference in my ability to phosphorylate and I have found that having an external source of cannabinoids in my diet every day helps my chronic illness conditions and improves my muscle and nerve control.
Phospholipids are found in human breast milk and helps stimulate the infant’s appetite and helps support adequate weight gain. The cannabinoids and phospholipid group perform two main functions - they are flexible and form a significant part of membrane walls, like building blocks or bricks; they can also be released from the membrane and act as messenger chemicals that can activate other systems or be modified slightly to become a different type of messenger chemical called eicosanoids.
Fair Use Guidelines: copyright laws protect the intellectual property rights of authors and publishing companies. People who copy and publish other people’s work may be legally held responsible and face fines or other penalties. How much a work is copied and whether it was modified in some way that changed the artistic or intellectual content may be taken into account on a case by case basis. Offering information for no charge for educational or entertainment purposes but not for the purposes of profit may also be acceptable. A publishing company has been trying to set standard fees based on the number of words copied in a quote. Writers are concerned that policy would conflict with the case by case aspect of the traditional way the Fair Use Guidelines have been interpreted. (G.FairUse)
Falling in Love: Love at first sight or the sensation of falling in love may have to do with a sudden rush of hormones and instincts may be involved. The feeling can be very strong and cause physical and emotional symptoms which may overpower rational control of one’s thoughts, choices and actions. “Experience is a good school, but the fees are somewhat high.” -Heinrich Heine. (p23, G.Heine) The classic scenario of boy meets girl, follows her home, etc., is shared in a short story from a previous era. Fiction can be helpful to share an inside perspective to what other people might be thinking or how they interpret other people’s actions. A short story from 1889 shares the story of a rich young man who may have an overly positive view of himself and his chance encounter with a young lady of less well to do circumstances. He learns a lesson about valuing people for more than how much money they are worth. (pp23-38, G.Heine)
Forest Bathing: Shinrin-Yoku Forest Therapy began in Japan in the 1980s. It has become known in wider circles as "Forest Bathing." Forest air has moisture droplets that contain beneficial organic compounds that may help promote improved immune system function, reduce blood pressure and stress levels, improve mood, energy level and sleep quality. See the slide show of forest images which follows this section for more information about Forest Bathing and the website shinrin-yoku.org: (G.Shinrin-Yoku Forest Medicine); and see the website thescienceexplorer.com for more information about the beneficial organic compounds - essential oils, beneficial bacteria, and negatively charged ions which can also be found at the beach or after a rainstorm: Scientists Reveal Why “Forest Bathing” or Going to the Beach Boosts our Well-Being, (G.thescienceexplorer.com).
Groupthink: people have a tendency to want to conform to a group’s standards of behavior even if it may seem irrational. The tendency can be taken to an extreme and lead to mob mentality also known as mass hysteria. See: “Groupthink,” by PsychologyToday.com for a definition and a list of articles on the topic: (7.39)
Hand Washing: a life saving medical procedure that took twenty years to become widely accepted by physicians for preventing the spread of infection between surgical and prenatal patients.
High Risk Counseling: a term used in health care and social work to refer to individualized counseling for patients with above average health or social risks.
Iodine: a mineral that is essential for metabolism and the immune system. It may help protect against cancer and autism risk. good food sources include kelp and other sea weeds and seafood, iodized salt and products containing iodized salt, coconut, rhubarb, and fortified foods and supplements.
Leukotriene: an eicosanoid messenger chemical that can be formed form endogenous cannabinoids when they are freed from storage within cellular membranes.
Mass hysteria or Mob Mentality: our tendency to want to fit in with our peer group and follow along with what the group is doing can become dangerous. A law enforcement website provides more information and includes a video of a social science experiment involving a group sitting in the lobby of a waiting room - it may change the way you think about waiting rooms forever after: Mob Mentality: Chaos and Order, by Sgt RC Bull, retired, lawenforcementtoday.com, (7.40)
Meditation & Mindfulness Therapy: both techniques work on relaxing the body and mind by letting go of tension. the goal is to try to simply observe thoughts or aches and pains and let them flow through the perception instead of worrying about them. Mindfulness for hunger and fullness can involve tuning in closer to just what the body messages feel like when you are too full and uncomfortably bloated, or are getting physically hungry and feel a gnawing cramping sensation in the stomach.
There are two main groups of nutrients: the Macronutrients and the Micronutrients, both of which include many subgroups. Water doesn't officially get listed in either group but it is the most essential nutrient as we are mostly water, roughly 70%, with some of the other nutrients holding us together in the form of membranes, muscles, skin and bones. Water helps the blood carry nutrients to the cells and remove waste products to be excreted by the kidneys in the form of urine. Water helps us stay cool in the form of sweat on a hot day. Water is the best thirst quencher and is what our brain expects as a beverage. In nature there is no juice tree, only whole fruit with fiber slowing down digestion of the sweet fruit juice carbohydrates. We need about eight cups of water per day, more on a hot sweaty day and more if diuretic beverages such as coffee or alcohol are consumed. Without water we wouldn't be able to digest our macro and micro nutrients. So drink and be merry with a glass of water, nature's favorite thirst quencher! If you think you don't like it you may just need to try a glass when you are very thirsty, and relax and remember how good it feels, then maybe next time you're thirsty you'll reach for a glass of water because it just sounds good.
Macronutrients are needed in larger amounts within a daily diet because they are used for energy and to build new cells and other body tissue. They include carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Carbohydrates (G.18) are also known as sugars, starches, and fiber. They are all made up of individual molecules of sugars called monosaccharides (See Table 2.4 for images of all the types of monosaccharides: G.13)). Different monosaccharides can be connected to each other as disaccharides which include table sugar called sucrose, or they may be in long chains called polysaccharides which can be straight or branching in widely varied shapes.
Fiber is also made up of monosaccharides but the bond connecting them requires digestive enzymes that humans do not make, so they are considered indigestible but help with fluid balance within the small and large intestines and adequate fiber in the diet can help prevent both constipation or diarrhea. Bacteria ( known as our microbiome) within the digestive system may be able to break down some types of fiber and convert it into more beneficial nutrients for us, called short-chain fatty acids, which are a type of fat. The types of fiber that can be converted into beneficial fats by beneficial bacteria are called prebiotics and include resistant starches, inulin, gums, pectins, and fructo-oligosaccharides.
Food Sources of Carbohydrates and Fiber: Fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grains are all sources of fiber and carbohydrates. Sources that contain a greater amount of the prebiotic fiber include garlic, onions, leeks, asparagus, Jerusalem artichokes, dandelion greens, bananas, and seaweed. Raw forms of the vegetables contain more than cooked forms except resistant starches may be increased after the food, such as rice or tapioca starch, is cooked and then chilled. (G.19) Nuts and seeds also contain some carbohydrates and fiber but are more concentrated sources of fats and protein. (G.20)
Food Sources of Essential Monosaccharides (See Table 2.4: G.13):
Proteins (G.17) are made up of molecules called amino acids which, unlike the monosaccharides, can only be connected together in straight chains. The protein chain of amino acids may spiral like the DNA molecule of genetic material or bend in some other way rather than being perfectly straight, and it can then be folded into different 3-dimensional shapes and combined with other protein chains to form larger 3-dimensional shapes. The basic structure is straight though like a string of beads or a sentence of letters.
The monosaccharides can connect to each other in multiple places and form more complex shapes like a crossword puzzle of letters or a branching tree made up of letters. This difference is important for the immune system as the complex antigen/antibody recognition seems to be based on the language spelled out by the types of monosaccharides on the antigens found on the surface of cells. Antibodies are made by immune cells to help the immune cell recognize foreign proteins or mislabeled or defective human cells. Antigens and antibodies contain monosaccharides and proteins or lipids. The combined molecules are known as glycoproteins and glycolipids. The combination makes it possible for them to do more complex chemical functions within the body than a simpler protein, carbohydrate or fat molecule. (G.14)
Food Sources of Protein: Dairy products, eggs, meats, poultry, and fish provide all the essential amino acids that humans can not convert from other molecules. Grains, beans, peas and lentils, nuts and seeds, and other vegetables provide protein but most are missing a few of the essential amino acids that we need to consume from our daily diet. (G.17) Fruits and other vegetables also provide some protein but in smaller amounts. Avocado, dried figs, melon and nectarine, artichokes, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, corn, mushrooms, spinach and potatoes are slightly better sources than other fruits and vegetables. (G.23) (G.24)
Fats are also known as oils, lipids, and as essential fatty acids, or trans fats which may be formed during processing of other fats or found ins some animal products naturally. The artificially produced trans fats may increase heart disease risk and it is recommended to limit their use in the daily diet. Molecules of fats can be found as short chain fatty acids or long chain fatty acids which may be then be joined into small groups called triglycerides. Branched chain amino acids are also possible but the branching is somewhat different than the type formed by monosaccharides.
The chains of fats may include more or less hydrogen molecules. Saturated fats have more hydrogen molecules, monounsaturated fats are missing one hydrogen molecule and polyunsaturated fats are missing several along the chain. The point in the molecule without a hydrogen is more reactive. Saturated fats are more stable than polyunsaturated fats. Monounsaturated fats may be more helpful for reducing risk of heart disease while saturated fats may increase risk. However we do need a variety of the types as each type is involved in different ways throughout the body. Omega 3 fatty acids and omega 6 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats that have important roles in health and help reduce risk of chronic illness. Phospholipids are a combination of a lipid with the mineral phosphorus. They are important for helping make flexible membranes and play a role in immune health and energy metabolism.
Food Sources of Fats: Avocado, coconut, coconut oil, olives and olive oil, nuts, seeds, and oils, butter, dairy products, egg yolk, meats, poultry, fish.
While all the sources have a mixture of specific types of fats some sources have more of one or two of the types:
Micronutrients are needed in smaller amounts within the diet and some can be stored by the body and reused so they may not be needed in the diet everyday as long as they are being eaten occasionally; while others can not be stored and are needed in the diet everyday. Micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. Minerals may be needed in slightly larger amounts or smaller amounts and the ones needed in smaller amounts are also known as trace minerals - because we only need them in trace amounts. Vitamins are grouped into fat-soluble vitamins which can be stored in the body and may not be needed in the diet everyday as long as they are included weekly or monthly depending on the nutrient. Water-soluble vitamins can not be stored and need to be included in the diet everyday for ideal health.
Food Sources of some important Minerals:
Food Sources of some important Vitamins:
Power and Control and Equality Wheels: handouts developed for helping victims of domestic violence and batterers learn how to recognize problem behaviors.The Power and Control Wheel was developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs (DAIP). An additional Equality Wheel was developed to help guide batterers and victims of emotional or physical abuse towards healthier ways to interact.
Quality Control Programs: a business term referring to a system of management designed to regularly review procedures and policies for effectiveness at providing high quality products and services for the company. Generally a Quality Control Officer or Manager will be designated.
Registered Dietitian: an ancillary health professional who provides nutrition assessment and care planning for individuals and is trained in program administration and human resources management, and use of statistics and clinical research for assessing effectiveness of procedures and treatments. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics has a service for locating a nutrition counselor near you at the website eatright.org: (eatright.org/find-an-expert)
Time for a little rest and relaxation. Art can be therapeutic for its relaxing and meditative benefits and as a creative outlet. Art therapy can also be a useful tool for reaching the nonverbal feelings and ideas that might be troubling or exciting you - but wordlessly.
Information about Relaxation & Stress and oxidative stress is included in this very long section. It may be helpful if you suffer from an unresolved problem with chronic itch or other negative symptoms of inflammatory stress including migraines, psoriasis, IBS, TMJ, PTSD, and Dissociative Disorders.
"What does stress have to do with autoimmune disease? or vitamin D?
You want me to take a bath?
Are you kidding me?"
The body needs vitamin D and magnesium in order to protect against allergic sensitivity during pregnancy and throughout life.
"Baby on board," - words to treasure and sometimes to fear. Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that can be life threatening for mom and baby. The condition can affect up to 8% of pregnancies and yet is not well understood - overactive TRP channels may hold answers & solutions for preeclampsia, IBS and other chronic conditions. This discussion of TRP channels is continued from G3. Relaxation & Stress.
Music may soothe the savage beast and movement has been found by research to help reduce the negative effects of oxidative stress - the inflammatory condition that results from emotional or or other physical stress on the body. Add music & movement together for a fun way to reduce stress.
Iodine is an essential mineral for the entire body and all of the endocrine glands, however it is so essential for the thyroid that the gland can preferentially take up iodine - so if there are low thyroid symptoms there may be low iodine too, or excess halides. (G9.halide)
Welcome, a site dedicated to helping put effective care resources in the hands of patients and healthcare providers, and businesses and policy writers, in order to help promote better quality of life in an economic and timely manner. Links to the 12 Chapters are included as I share my professional and patient story and site dedications - to Viktor Frankl and to those who’ve lost loved ones to alcohol or drugs.
Addictive behavior with alcohol, other drugs and food can involve a genetic difference in metabolism for some individuals. Use of foods or supplements that contain phospholipids or cannabinoids may be a safe way to help stop abuse of opioids or alcohol. If you are born unable to make chemicals required for life, that other people can make - it is starvation, & addiction is a search for food. Use of foods or supplements with phospholipids or cannabinoids may be a safe way to help stop abuse of opioids or alcohol.